Solution to improve Solid Waste Management- A Case Study

Problem Statement:

To design a solution for the Solid Waste Management (SWM) department in a municipal corporation that improves the system of collection and transportation of waste to a landfill around an Indian city by ensuring the handling of waste only once a day.

Exploring the Problem Statement:

  1. Understanding the attitude/awareness of public towards waste management

Changes in consumption behavior & lifestyle over the past few decades have increased the generation of waste in Indian households. The general public is unaware and less worried about the unscientific disposal of waste mainly in landfills and by burning. While roads, waterways, canals, and vacant plots have become piled up with waste, the burning of multi-layered packaging (MLP) threatens the health and the environment.

Deep research is needed to understand the severity of the problem. The research will closely monitor the generation, segregation, collection, transportation, storage & final disposal of the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW).

2. Improving the efficiency of collection & transportation of SWM using technology

A system is only effective when people’s (users’) needs and technology compliment each other to create a viable business strategy. By using technology, we can increase the efficiency and thus improve the system. For this, gaps of the current system must be identified. “How might we improve” questions should be asked at every point of the journey.

3. Reducing the waste disposed of in landfills

Reducing waste disposal in landfills can be achieved in three ways:

  1. Circular economy: By incorporating 3R – Reduce, Reuse (repair), & Recycle in the manufacturing & design processes.
  2. Influencing people: By behavior changes in consumption & generation of waste which have a huge effect on the final disposal.
  3. Effective waste segregation: By general public’s active participation in sorting and separating waste.


The solution to this problem is an effective cloud-connected SWM system based on IoT which is simple & intuitive and improves the efficiency and the performance of the current system.

The design of the new SWM system must be based on system design as it provides a holistic user-centric experience for multiple users, touchpoints and back-end processes.

Please find the case study: Solid Waste Management – CASE STUDY